HIV is a worldwide medical problem that influenced an expected 38 million individuals worldwide in 2019. Individuals have sequential odds of contracting HIV because of certain sexual practices and different variables.
The World Health Organization (WHO) expressed that toward the finish of 2019, roughly 38 million trusted Source individuals were living with HIV around the world. As indicated by HIV.gov, around 1.2 million individuals in the United States have contracted HIV.
In this article, we talk about what certain practices mean for the danger of HIV transmission.
We additionally cover techniques for forestalling HIV transmission, what to do in the event that somebody is worried about HIV openness, and direction for discovering support.
Only depicting an individual’s danger of getting HIV as high or low is obscure. These terms do not have the vital quantifiable data expected to evaluate the danger of explicit practices precisely.
In any case, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source give the accompanying danger appraisals to HIV transmission dependent on various sorts of openness:
|Type of exposure||Risk per 10,000 exposures (percentage)|
|Receptive Anal Intercourse||1.38%|
|Insertive Anal Intercourse||0.11%|
|Receptive Penile-Vaginal Intercourse||0.08%|
|Insertive Penile-Vaginal Intercourse||0.04%|
|Receptive Oral Intercourse||LOW|
|Insertive Oral Intercourse||LOW|
|MTCT, or vertical transmission||15–45%Trusted Source without any medical intervention|
|Needle-Sharing During Injection Drug Use||0.63%|
What is HIV?
HIV, or human immunodeficiency infection, is an infection that annihilates resistant cells.
Subsequently, HIV debilitates the body’s safe framework, leaving the body defenseless against contaminations.
On the off chance that an individual doesn’t get treatment, an HIV disease can in the end prompt AIDS. If you have HIV/Aids then click on oncohiv.com
HIV influences individuals, everything being equal, races and nationalities, sexual directions, and financial foundations.
Of the 38 million individuals overall living with HIV in 2019:
- 36.2 million were grown-ups
- 1.8 million were youngsters younger than 15
- 20.7 million lived in eastern and southern Africa
- 4.9 million lived in western and focal Africa
- 5.8 million lived in Asia and the Pacific
- 2.2 million lived in Europe and North America
How is HIV sent?
HIV can send through various natural liquids, including:
- semen and pre-original liquid
- vaginal discharges
- rectal liquids
- bosom milk
HIV transmission possibly happens if the natural liquids of an individual with noticeable degrees of HIV enter the circulatory system of an individual who doesn’t have HIV.
HIV can enter the circulation system through:
- cuts or broken skin
- open injuries
- direct infusion
- mucous films, like those found in the mouth, rectum, vagina, and tip of the penis
HIV can likewise pass from the natural parent to the youngster during pregnancy. This is called vertical transmission.
HIV isn’t communicated through:
- creepy crawlies
- air or water
- spit, tears, or sweat
- latrine seats
- everyday contact, like shaking hands, embracing, or kissing
Odds of contracting HIV
A few exercises convey a higher possibility of contracting HIV than others.
The CDCT note that butt-centric intercourse, paying little mind to an individual’s sex, is the sexual demonstration that conveys the most noteworthy danger.
The chance of contracting HIV via anal intercourse is as follows relied on source:
- receptive anal sex: 1.38%
- incentive anal sex: zero.11%
although each can agreement HIV via anal sex, the receptive associate has a higher threat. That is because the liner of the rectum is skinny and without problems injured.
The incentive companion can also settle HIV through the urethra or small cuts, scratches, and open sores on the penis.
Having a rectal contamination like herpes might also increase the hazard of transmission.
Either sexual accomplice can contract HIV by means of vaginal sex.
Females can contract HIV through the covering of the vagina and cervix if a male accomplice’s natural liquids, like semen and pre-fundamental liquid, convey HIV. If you have HIV then click on oncohiv.com
Guys can contract HIV from the vaginal liquid and blood through the launch of the penis, the prepuce, and little cuts and scratches or open bruises.
The odds of contracting HIV through vaginal sex are as followsTrusted Source:
- open penile-vaginal intercourse: 0.08%
- insertive penile-vaginal intercourse: 0.04%
Having a vaginal disease may likewise build the danger of transmission.
The CDC note that there is almost no riskTrusted Source of contracting HIV by means of oral sex.
Mouth-to-penis oral sex may convey the most noteworthy possibility of sending HIV, however the odds are still low.
Elements that may build the opportunity of contracting HIV by means of oral sex include:
- bruises on the vagina, mouth, or penis
- draining gums
- oral contact with feminine blood
- the presence of other physically communicated contaminations (STIs)
Other sexual exercises
In spite of the fact that it is feasible to send HIV through the accompanying exercises, the possibility is low:
- Fingering: To reduce the opportunity of transmission, an individual ought to guarantee they have clean hands and managed fingernails so as not to harm the mass of the rear-end or vagina.
- Sex toy use: HIV transmission is conceivable through sharing sex toys, like dildos, vibrators, and butt plugs. An individual should clean their sex toys between each utilization and try not to share them.
Sent during pregnancy
The WHO expresses that the pace of transmission during pregnancy, work, conveyance, and breastfeeding is somewhere in the range of 15 and 45%Trusted Source with no clinical intercession.
Nonetheless, the danger is even lower if the pregnant individual takes antiretroviral (ART) drugs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Transmission through needles
HIV transmission through needles happens when an individual who doesn’t have HIV utilizes a similar needle or needle as somebody who is HIV positive.
Utilized needles typically containTrusted Source some leftover liquid, like blood, on the needle or spout.
At the point when individuals who utilize injectable medications share needles and needles, they risk presenting themselves to blood-containing irresistible organisms.
As indicated by the CDC, the possibility of transmission through shared needle use is 0.63%Trusted Source.
Individuals who look for help for substance use can contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) at 1-800-662-4357 or visit their site.
Does having another STI increase the possibility of transmission?
STIs communicate from one individual to another through sexual exercises, for example, butt-centric, vaginal, or oral sex.
Instances of STIs include:
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- herpes simplex infection
STIs can likewise prompt Trusted Source open injuries on the skin and in the mucous layers of the vagina, penis, rear-end, and rectum. HIV can enter the circulation system through an open sore or a break in the skin.
Certain practices can build an individual’s danger of STIs and HIV. These practices include:
- engaging in sexual relations without a condom or other obstruction technique
- having intercourse with different accomplices
- having intercourse while affected by medications or liquor
- utilizing injectable medications
Step by step instructions to forestall the spread of HIV
Individuals living with HIV can utilize the accompanying to forestall sending it to other people:
- Pre-openness prophylaxis (Prep): This is a day-by-day pill that contains two antivirals called Tenofovir and Emtricitabine. At the point when an individual takes it every day, Prep can lessen the danger of getting HIV through sex by 99%Trusted Source. Prep is for the individuals who don’t have HIV yet are at a high danger of contracting it.
- Post-openness prophylaxis (PEP): This alludes to ART tranquilizers that can forestall HIV disease after a possible openness. The CDC suggests beginning PEP inside 72 hours Trusted Source of a new potential HIV openness.
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